March 1 1815: Napoleon Returns to France

“L’Inconstant sailed into Golfe-Juan on the southern French coast on Wednesday, March 1, unloading Napoleon’s force by 5 p.m. ‘I have long weighed and most maturely considered the project,’ Napoleon harangued his men just before they went ashore, ‘the glory, the advantages we shall gain if we succeed I need not enlarge upon. If we fail, to military men, who have from their youth faced death in so many shapes, the fate which awaits us is not terrific: we know, and we despise, for we have a thousand times faced the worst which a reverse can bring.’ Continue reading

February 26 1815: Napoleon Leaves Elba

“The night before Napoleon left he had been reading a life of Emperor Charles V of Austria, which he left open on the table. His elderly housekeeper kept it untouched, along with ‘written papers torn into small bits’ that were strewn about. When British visitors questioned her soon afterwards, she gave them ‘unaffected expressions of attachment, and artless report of his uniform good humour’. Continue reading

February 25 1815: Capitalizing on Peace


On February 25 1815, Thomas Jefferson writes to Patrick Gibson, and makes plans capitalize on peace.

Nobody rejoices more sincerely than myself at the return of peace, nor could the season for it’s being made known be better timed. I shall get down the rest of my flour as fast as possible. my crop was a poor one here, and still worse in Bedford. it will be under 100. Barrels of flour there. here the crop will furnish about 300. Barrels and 150. Bar. rent from my mill, in all something over 500. Bar. and probably about 20,000 ℔ tobo from Bedford. I should be glad to keep off the sale of my flour until a sufficient concourse of vessels shall produce an animated demand and fair price. for the price we get depends on the demand here. in order to give time I shall avoid drawing as much as possible. nor do I know of any call impending but one of1 about 100.D. and that perhaps may be some time yet. I expect that April will be the season of highest price: but on these views I leave both time and price to your discretion; so also as to that of my tobacco when you shall have recieved it.—I am happy to inform you that I shall be able to pay off the whole of my note in bank towards the end of March. this will be from a distinct source. Accept the assurance of my great esteem and respect.

February 24 1815: Origin of “Blood is Thicker Than Water”


On February 24 1815, Walter Scott publishes his novel Guy Mannering or The Astrologer. He started writing the novel in December  of 1814, and six weeks later he had finished it. The novel is also notable for popularizing the phrase “Blood is Thicker Than Water”. The phrase was used earlier but it is Scott who is credited with popularizing its use. In the novel, Scott writes: “Weel — Blud’s thicker than water — she’s welcome to the cheeses.” Strangely, the last part of the phrase — “She’s welcome to the cheeses.” — has not become a popular phrase.

A Sardinian Officer at Waterloo.

Originally posted on Adventures In Historyland:

One might call this man a Franco Italian, in that he was born in what is now part of France, but he owed his allegiance to the old Kings of Piedmont & Sardinia, and most British commenters called him a Sardinian because of this. Here is the story that I happened to stumble across of another little known Waterloo Man.

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