July 22 1814: Lord Byron Needs His Pills


Ld. Byron presents his compts. to Mr. Hudson & requests him to send immediately to this place 6 boxes of the pills according to the prescription of Sir W. Knighton. Ld. B. hopes to receive them immediately.

 — Lord Byron writes to Mr. Hudson, from Hastings on July 22 1814. He is on a summer holiday with his half sister Augusta. Sir W. Knighton has been treating Byron for various stomach ailments that were the result of Byron’s eating disorders.

July 22 1814: Treaty of “Peace and Friendship”

On July 22 1814, William Henry Harrison and Lewis Cass, Governor of the Michigan territory,  concluded an treaty with the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawnee, Senacas,  Miamies, Potawatamies, and Delaware nations, in Greenville Ohio. The treaty allowed for expansion into the Northwest Territory. It also provided for an alliance of the first nations, who signed the treaty, in the war against Great Britain. The treaty was ratified by the U.S. Senate on December 13 1814 and proclaimed on December 21 1814.The pipe presented to the Shawnees is reproduced above on the ceremony. The image is from here.

The treaty read: Continue reading

July 22 1814: A Mosquito Saves Canada, Sort Of

On July 22 1814, Major General Brown still has not received the necessary naval support from Commodore Isaac Chauncey to continue the conquest of Upper Canada. Chauncey is bedridden with malaria probably caused by a mosquito. Brown now orders the withdrawal of his American army from the area around Fort George and Fort Mississauga towards Queenston. Brown is deep in enemy territory without the necessary artillery and supply lines to move forward and capture these forts. Meanwhile, the British are close to their supply lines and reinforcements are being sent unimpeded across Lake Ontario. Brown’s situation is partly the result of the inadequacy of his troop levels, but also as a result of Chauncey’s inaction. The American naval commander has failed to transport the necessary heavy guns and refused to move to assist Brown. American supremacy on the Great Lakes is not being used. Chauncey is bedridden with malaria, but, as Alan Taylor writes, it is also his ego that prevents him from coming to Brown’s aid and sending the American fleet. Taylor writes in The Civil War of 1812 as follows: Continue reading

July 21 1814: Master Brewer and Dangers Inpending

On July 21 1814, Thomas Jefferson writes to Captain Joseph Miller about the dangers impending from a British invasion. Miller was an Englishman and master brewer who now lived in the United States. In 1813, Miller had taught the slave Peter Hemings malting and brewing at Monticello. It appears that Miller was travelling to Norfolk with papers provided by Jefferson. Jefferson now wanted Miller to return because of the imminent British invasion. Foreigners, especially an Englishman, had to be watched. For more information on Captain Miller see here.

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July 20 1814: Executions on Burlington Heights


On July 20 1814, after spending an uneasy night imprisoned in the basement of Ancaster’s grist mill, eight men are transported by two wagons to Burlington Heights, in Upper Canada.  Aaron Stevens, Adam Crysler, Dayton Lindsey, Noah Payne Hopkins, George Peacock, Jr., Isaiah Brink, Benjamin Simmons and John Dunham have been selected to experience the full weight of the law, and be executed for high treason. Fifteen men had been convicted of the same crime but the authorities had chosen these eight to be executed as an example to the community. The other seven men were banished or imprisoned.

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July 19 1814: Byron and His Lawyer

On July 19 1814, Lord Byron again writes to his lawyer John Hanson in what seems to be an almost desperate willingness to settle his legal dispute. Hanson us negotiating with Thomas Claughton who had defaulted on his agreement to purchase Newstead from Byron. Hanson is  trying to negotiate an agreement whereby Claughton would forfeit the deposits he had paid, pay some further damages and be released from the agreement. Byron writes:

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