The season has been the most remarkable I ever knew, Indian corn universally cut off, the whole Summer so cold, that with the exception of a few days we have kept fires. Potatoes have grown in abundance and must be used in place of Bread for the whole country has Shared in this Calamity mr Tennant upon the Farm planted 45 acres of Grain. the Rye & Barley were productive, the corn will answer only for the cattle—fruit blasted. we are blessed with health, and I do not think any persons will suffer for lack of Bread—can England say as much?
— Abigail Adams writes to her grandson John Adams, October 24 1816.