March 18 1815: Napoleon Expected In Days

“18th. I went to the Hotel de l’Empire, and at length succeeded in seeing Mr. Bayard. I found him very much reduced, but evidently much better than when I had last seen him. He had the Morning Chronicle of the 13th and 14th on his table, which Mr. Crawford had sent him. I took up that of the 14th, and the first article that met my eye was one stating that the ratification of the treaty with America had been received the night before. I then called upon Mr. Gallatin, and found General Turreau with him. I did not immediately recognize the General. He offered us his congratulations upon the ratification of the treaty, and also upon the brilliant defence of New Orleans. He told us that he had been utterly ruined since he left America; that about a year ago he had been starved out of Wiirzburg; that since then he had been reduced to less than one-third of his pay; that he had lost his eldest son; that his second son was now eighteen years old, and had made already two campaigns; that now it had pleased his Majesty to replace him in full activity of service; that he was expecting his orders to march; that he had been to receive them, and was told they would be transmitted to him. Mr. Gallatin said he had heard that it was expected Bonaparte would be last night at Auxerres, and he supposed there would be a battle to-morrow. Turreau smiled, shrugged his shoulders, and said, “Une bataille—allons donc,” sufficiently indicating his opinion that there would be no battle. I called upon Mr. Crawford, and while I was there Mr. Hottinguer and Mr. Dorr came in. Mr. Hottinguer’s visit was to congratulate Mr. Crawford on the ratification of our Treaty of Peace. He told me he had intended to pay me a visit for the same purpose. I visited also Mr. and Mrs. Smith. While I was at dinner, the Chevalier de Brito came and sat an hour with me. He thinks, like everybody, that Napoleon will be here in a few days. Mr. Dorr told me that the Chamber of Deputies had addressed the King to remove all his Ministers, excepting the Duke de Feltre, appointed last week Minister of War, in the room of Soult. Evening at the Theatre Francais, “La Femme jalouse” and “Amphytrion.” Mademoiselle Leverd performed the part of the jealous wife. The first time I had seen her. The house was thin, but the calls for ” Henri Quatre” and “Gabrielle” were as loud, and the cries of “Vive le Roi !’ as ardent, as I have ever heard them.”

— John Quincy Adams, writes in his journal for March 18 1815.

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