John A. Macdonald’s was born either on January 10 1815, his registered birth date in Scotland, or on January 11 1815, the day he and his family celebrated. The bicentennial of his birth has given occasion for heated debates, where the man is criticized for his many flaws, which included the consumption of an amount of alcohol that would have frightened Winston Churchill, a political scandal that toppled his government, the execution of Louis Riel, a racist Chinese head tax and above all a fraught relationship with First Nations. His supporters counter that he was the indispensable man whose political genius made Confederation possible, Canada’s first prime minister, and the one who extended Canada’s dominion to the Pacific Ocean. In short, he was a giant, a flawed giant, but still a giant. Canada is for good or ill what he wrought.
I have collected some articles in support and in opposition to John A. on his bicentennial and provided the links below.